- Almost always used as the help key, almost every program opens a help screen when this key is pressed.
- Enter CMOS Setup.
- Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
- Open the Task Pane.
- In Windows renames a highlighted icon, file, or folder in all versions of Windows.
- Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens document window in Microsoft Word.
- Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word.
- Quickly rename a selected file or folder.
- Enter CMOS Setup.
- Often opens a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows when at the Windows Desktop.
- In MS-DOS or Windows command line F3 will repeat the last command.
- Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
- Windows Key + F3 opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
- Open Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.
- Open find window in Windows 95 to XP.
- Open the address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer.
- Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+).
- Alt + F4 closes the program window currently active in Microsoft Windows.
- Ctrl + F4 closes the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.
- In all modern Internet browsers, pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document window.
- Refresh the list of contents in a folder.
- Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
- Starts a slideshow in PowerPoint.
- Move the cursor to the address bar in Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and most other Internet browsers.
- Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
- Reduce laptop speaker volume (on some laptops).
- Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.
- Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
- Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.
- Increase laptop speaker volume (on some laptops).
- Function key used to enter the Windows startup menu, commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.
- Used by some computers to access the Windows recovery system, but may require a Windows installation CD.
- Displays a thumbnail image for all workspaces in Mac OS.
- Refresh document in Microsoft Word.
- Send and receive e-mail in Microsoft Outlook.
- Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
- Reduce laptop screen brightness (on some laptops).
- With Mac OS 10.3 or later, displays a thumbnail for each window in a single workspace.
- Using the Fn key and F9 at the same time opens Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.
- In Microsoft Windows activates the menu bar of an open application.
- Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
- Access the hidden recovery partition on Compaq, HP, and Sony computers.
- Enter CMOS Setup on some computers.
- Increase laptop screen brightness (on some laptops)
- With Mac OS 10.3 or later, shows all open Windows for the active program.
- Enter and exit fullscreen mode in all modern Internet browsers.
- Ctrl + F11 as computer is starting to access the hidden recovery partition on many Dell computers.
- Access the hidden recovery partition on eMachines, Gateway, and Lenovo computers.
- With Mac OS 10.4 or later, hides all open windows and shows the Desktop.
- Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word.
- Ctrl + F12 opens a document In Word.
- Shift + F12 saves the Microsoft Word document (like Ctrl + S).
- Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
- Preview a page in Microsoft Expression Web.
- Open Firebug or browser debug tool.
- With an Apple running Mac OS 10.4 or later, F12 shows or hides the Dashboard.
- Access the list of bootable devices on a computer at startup, allowing you to select a different device to boot from (hard drive, CD or DVD drive, floppy drive, USB drive, and network).
F13 – F15
- On newer Apple keyboards the F13, F14, and F15 may be shown in place of the Print Screen key, Scroll lock key, and Pause key.
F16 – F19
- On newer Apple keyboards the F16, F17, F18, and F19 keys are above the number pad.
F13 – F24
- Early IBM computers also had keyboards with F13 through F24 keys. However, because these keyboards are no longer used, they are not listed on this page.
|Ctrl + 0||Toggles 6pts of spacing before a paragraph.||Ctrl + S||Save the open document. Just like Shift + F12.|
|Ctrl + A||Select all contents of the page.||Ctrl + T||Create a hanging indent.|
|Ctrl + B||Bold highlighted selection.||Ctrl + U||Underline the selected text.|
|Ctrl + C||Copy selected text.||Ctrl + V||Paste.|
|Ctrl + D||Open the font preferences window.||Ctrl + W||Close the currently open document.|
|Ctrl + E||Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen.||Ctrl + X||Cut selected text.|
|Ctrl + F||Open find box.||Ctrl + Y||Redo the last action performed.|
|Ctrl + I||Italic highlighted selection.||Ctrl + Z||Undo last action.|
|Ctrl + J||Aligns the selected text or line to justify the screen.||Ctrl + Shift + L||Quickly create a bullet point.|
|Ctrl + K||Insert a hyperlink.||Ctrl + Shift + F||Change the font.|
|Ctrl + L||Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen.||Ctrl + Shift + >||Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increase font +2pts.|
|Ctrl + M||Indent the paragraph.||Ctrl + ]||Increase selected font +1pts.|
|Ctrl + N||Opens new, blank document window.||Ctrl + Shift + <||Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower; if above 12, decreases font by +2pt.|
|Ctrl + O||Opens the dialog box or page for selecting a file to open.||Ctrl + [||Decrease selected font -1pts.|
|Ctrl + P||Open the print window.||Ctrl + / + c||Insert a cent sign (¢).|
|Ctrl + R||Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen.|
|Ctrl + ‘ + <char>||Insert a character with an accent (grave) mark, where <char> is the character you want. For example, if you wanted an accented è you would use Ctrl + ‘ + e as your shortcut key. To reverse the accent mark use the opposite accent mark, often on the tilde key.||Ctrl + Shift + >||Increases the selected text size by one.|
|Ctrl + Shift + *||View or hide non printing characters.||Ctrl + Shift + <||Decreases the selected text size by one.|
|Ctrl + <left arrow>||Moves one word to the left.||Ctrl + Shift + F6||Switches to another open Microsoft Word document.|
|Ctrl + <right arrow>||Moves one word to the right.||Ctrl + Shift + F12||Prints the document.|
|Ctrl + <up arrow>||Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph.||F1||Open Help.|
|Ctrl + <down arrow>||Moves to the end of the paragraph.||F4||Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)|
|Ctrl + Del||Deletes word to right of cursor.||F5||Open the Find, Replace, and Go To window in Microsoft Word.|
|Ctrl + Backspace||Deletes word to left of cursor.||F7||Spellcheck and grammar check selected text or document.|
|Ctrl + End||Moves the cursor to the end of the document.||F12||Save As.|
|Ctrl + Home||Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document.||Shift + F3||Change the text in Microsoft Word from uppercase to lowercase or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.|
|Ctrl + Spacebar||Reset highlighted text to the default font.||Shift + F7||Runs a Thesaurus check on the selected word.|
|Ctrl + 1||Single-space lines.||Shift + F12||Save the open document. Just like Ctrl + S.|
|Ctrl + 2||Double-space lines.||Shift + Enter||Create a soft break instead of a new paragraph.|
|Ctrl + 5||1.5-line spacing.||Shift + Insert||Paste.|
|Ctrl + Alt + 1||Changes text to heading 1.||Shift + Alt + D||Insert the current date.|
|Ctrl + Alt + 2||Changes text to heading 2.||Shift + Alt + T||Insert the current time.|
|Ctrl + Alt + 3||Changes text to heading 3.|
|Alt + Ctrl + F2||Open new document.|
|Ctrl + F1||Open the Task Pane.|
|Ctrl + F2||Display the print preview.|
|Click, hold, and drag||Selects text from where you click and hold to the point you drag and let go.|
|Double-click||If double-clicking a word, selects the complete word.|
|Double-click||Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank line makes the alignment of the text left, center, or right aligned.|
|Double-click||Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab stop.|
|Triple-click||Selects the line or paragraph of the text that the mouse triple-clicked on.|
|Ctrl + Mouse wheel||Zooms in and out of document.|